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Russian Partition Cancels
Here's an 1892 cancel on a cover from Przedbórz to Warsaw, proving that the former was in the Russian partition.
Scan courtesy of Martin Spufford.
- According to Mr. Spufford and his friends, "The letters following Przedbórz are P. O. or pochtovoe otdelenie, i.e. postal sub-office. The Kingdom of Poland as part of the Russian Empire had quite a few postal facilities (the Poles at the time were far more literate than the Russians) and most of them were postal stations [smaller than post offices or postal suboffices, ed.], but the large provincial towns and larger cities were either kontoras (or full post offices) or otdelenie (or suboffices). Przedbórz was a fairly good sized locality so it had a sub-office rather than a postal station."
- All writers seem to agree that at the time the Przedbórz stamps were issued, Przedbórz had a second-class post office. The above quote suggests that this was merely a continuation of its status during the Russian partition. This is entirely consistent with the hypothesis that Franczak, the postmaster, had merely continued the job he had under the Russians.
- Read more about Russian post offices.
- The 1892 cancel shown above is not the only type of cancel used in pre-war Przedbórz; Prigara [1981, section 3, part 3] shows many types of cancels used in Russian Poland. I don't know which were used in Przedbórz.
- In March 1858, however, numerical office designations were introduced. Przedbórz, in the Radom postal district, was office #157. (Prigara, Appendices 8 & 9. Appendix 8 provides a translation of the postal order introducing the numeric cancels. There's also a list on Stamp Encyclopedia Poland's cancel list page.)
- The Poland #1 stamp on the far right has a "sock-on-the-nose" (SON) 4-Ring cancel from office 157, Przedbórz. This a pretty rare item, although another was advertised on eBay in 2008, with a less-centered cancel. (The one shown is lot 2500 from a Cherrystone auction in November 2005, I believe. The scan has been touched up by Unca' Joetoshop.)
Here are some other scans of 4-Ring cancels, courtesy of Leon Finik and David Skipton. Office 1 was Warsaw, 169 was Pradla, in the Piotrkow "province" (voivodship [PL] or gubernia [RU],). (These are meant to be better scans of the cancels, not the stamps.)
- See a variety of cancels on Poland #1 at Stamp Encyclopedia Poland's cancels page, which shows lots of 4-ring cancels as well as concentric dot cancels, 4- & 6-square cancels, etc.
Bridge Cancels — used after 1903, according to David Skipton. Here are two 1914 Przedbórz "Przedborz Radom" cancels. (Radom was the name of the guberniya [Russian Administrative Unit.])
A "bridge" cancel typically has a circle with the date appearing within a pair of horizontal bars spanning across the center of the cancel, forming the "bridge".
(The left image has been "Joetoshopped".)
Other types of Przedbórz cancels probably existed in various periods. For example,
Skipton says we should look for "cross-date" cancels. This is an example borrowed from http://lithuania.jkaptein.nl/tsaeng02_places.htm,
a website on Lithuanian postal history.
Weinert's article "The Numbered Dotted Postmarks of Russia" in the Journal of the Rossica Society of Russian
Philately #162 (Spring 2014, pp. 44-77) indicates (Table XVI, pg 72) that Przedbórz was assigned
post office number 1090 in November, 1870 effective 1 January 1871, and would have used a triangle dot cancel as seen
here, but with number 1090.
At this writing I don't know when such usage would have stopped and if and when
Przedbórz would have gotten back its old office number.
© 2008-2014 Sam Ginsburg;
Last modified 27Apr. 2014