You are here: Home ->
Quick Start Guide: If you have a Przedbórz stamp to identify,
- Find the catalog number, issue, and (important!) classification ("Eagle", "Arc", "Ray", "Sheaf").
- See pictures of each genuine and forgery type, for each catalog number.
- See the separate sets of instructions for Eagle stamps, Arc stamps, Ray stamps, or Sheaf stamps.
My personal strategy is to first see if the stamp is a forgery.
If it doesn't seem to be a forgery, only then do I look to see what type of genuine stamp it might be.
Since 80-95% of stamps sold on eBay seem to be forgeries, this strategy takes care of the most likely situation first.
When I first started, sometimes I had to go back and forth several times, but now I can do it more efficiently and with less confusion.
Read important background about the
Abbreviations & nomenclature:
- The terms "1st Issue", "Issue 1", and "Issue I" are equivalent, as are "2nd Issue", Issue 2", and "Issue II", etc. (See search tip, below.)
- Michel Europa Ost catalog numbers (often abbreviated "Mi") are used here, as Petriuk, Barefoot, etc. do.
- F1, F2, etc. are used as abbreviations for "Forgery 1", "Forgery 2", etc.
Basics of Przedbórz stamp identification:
- 1st, 2nd, 3rd, 4th, 5th issues:
- There are five sets ("issues") of stamps which are recognized as postally used. See pictures of the stamps.
- 1st issue is catalog #'s 1 & 2; 2nd issue is cat. #'s 3-6; 3rd issue is cat. #'s 7-10; 4th issue is cat. #'s 11-14, 5th issue is cat. #'s 15-18.
- Dates of issue are provided in rates and usage.
- Quantities, plate layouts and similar technical data are provided in varieties
- For purposes of separating genuine stamps from forgeries, stamp designs have more in common than set issues, so the rest of this Identifier is organized by stamp design.1
- eagle stamps are synonymous with the 1st issue, but
- sheaf stamps are the high denomination (10 gr. & 20 hal.) stamps of the 2nd and later issues;
- ray stamps are the stamps with rays coming down from an arc on top of the stamp. They are found in the 3rd & 4th Issues, in denominations of 2, 4, 6 gr. or 5, 10, 15 hal. Pictures ("vignettes") are the City Hall, Town Square, and Pilica River bridge in various colors. The town map shows the approximate viewpoints of these stamps.
- arc stamps are found in the 2nd and 5th Issues, and don't have rays coming out of the top arc, but are otherwise generally similar to the ray stamps.
- 6th, 7th, & 8th Issues: These were issued after the Austrian authorities prohibited the use of local delivery stamps, and are generally referred to as the "Posthumous" issues.
- These are apparently modifications of the 3rd, 4th, and 5th Issue stamps and are universally recognized as not issued for postal purposes.
- Some authorities (e.g., PZP [1935, 1966] and Petriuk , believe they were used as revenue stamps or perhaps municipal court fee stamps, and thus have some tangential philatelic validity.
- Others (often outside of Poland and Germany) believe such usages were doubtful, and consider these to be forgeries.
- This identifier lists them as type 3 forgeries (F3's) of the 3rd issue (cat. #7-10) (for 6th Posthumous Issue), 4th issue (cat #11-14) (for 7th Posthumous issue), or 5th issue (cat # 15-18) (for 8th posthumous issue.)
- The meaning of genuine stamp "types":
- Genuine stamp "types" are more like "plate varieties" in other countries. A row of stamps in a pane might have stamp types 1 2 3 4, or 1 2 3 1 2 or 1 2 3 1 2 3, etc., depending on how many stamps are in the row.
Details are listed under stamp varieties.
The use of the term "type" is essentially universal in Przedbórz philately. This use became widely accepted no later than PZP , and I believe it's been used by the vast majority of subsequent writers.
- Przedbórz genuine stamp types are not analogous to the situation in many other countries (and perhaps other areas of Poland philately), where a different stamp "type" usually refers to a different printing, often with a different catalog number.
- Stamp types are important, because if you don't recognize the stamp as being a forgery, then you should make sure it properly matches a genuine stamp type before you decide it's genuine. If a stamp doesn't fit the characteristics of a genuine stamp type, it's a forgery, even if it's not one of the forgeries listed here. (But if it's not, I'd like to see it to add it to the forgery list.)
- The meaning of forged stamp "types":
- Unlike genuine stamps, forged stamp types are usually from different printings.
- Occasionally, however, a sheet of stamps may have two or more different forgery types, in which case we label them as "se-tenant."
- See a cross-reference guide of how forgeries are classified in this website compared to Blunt , Barefoot , and Kronenberg .
Warning: Some of the identification points are my own discovery (or possibly a rediscovery of something not previously published in English.) As such, there are probably errors or omissions. If you have a stamp which doesn't fit one of the Identifier classifications, please loan it to me, or send an enlarged (2X) color photocopy or a high-resolution scan (2400 dpi or equivalent.) Thanks.
See pictures of the stamps sorted by the classifications in this identifier, or a index of most of this site's images of full stamps.
Identifier Sub-Site Map (In case you're have trouble wading through the Identifier.)