You are here: Home ->
Identifier -> 6th-8th issues ->
This section lists various types of stamps (and/or other stamp-like items). The definitions are mostly taken verbatim from the
AskPhil Glossary 1
of over 35,000 stamp terms in various languages. An internet search for "philatelic glossary" or "stamp collecting glossary" will yield definitions which may be somewhat different than those below.
The list is organized as follows: the term, AskPhil's definition (edited in a couple of places) and then comments on how that definition may or may not fit the Przedbórz 6th-8th issues.
Probably not Przedbórz 6th-8th issues, because most people seem to think that these issues did not appear until after the military postal authorities had stopped the local delivery service.
Clearly not Przedbórz. These stamps appear different from the earlier issues, and don't say "facsimile" anywhere.
Not Przedbórz 6th-8th issues. I believe this definition is used when a specific philatelic item has been manipulated (e.g., perfs removed or added, overprint added, etc.) But the Przedbórz issues involved printing probably thousands of stamps, so nothing was hand-crafted except perhaps the printing plates.
Not Przedbórz, which is, and was, a real place.
Probably not Przedbórz 6th-8th issues. If they were available as CTO sheets from the local post office, it's hard to imagine they were illegal.
Probably not Przedbórz 6th-8th issues. These particular designs were never used for local postal delivery, so probably aren't remainders in the strictest sense.
Probably not Przedbórz 6th-8th issues. These particular designs are slightly changed from the originals, so they aren't exact reprints. Perhaps more importantly, when the 5th issue was discontinued, any reissues for postal use became invalid, so the "8th issue" stamps weren't usable.
This is considered plausible by many Polish and German experts, as the stamps were supposedly used on municipal court documents. Unfortunately, I've never heard of an expertized example, and of any contemporaneous documentation, of such use. So I doubt these issues really fit the definition, even though many others believe that such usage (probably) occurred.
Perhaps fits the Przedbórz 6th-8th issues. They certainly are from new plates, and perhaps are better drawn than the originals in many respects.
Almost a good description for Przedbórz 6th-8th issues. These particular designs are slightly changed from the originals, so they fit the "distinguishing feature" aspect. If "official" reprints, they could plausibly be sold at the post office, as Kronenberg says.
But these are clearly not printed from the original plates; if that's an important part of the definition, then these are not reprints. (The problem is the lettering and numbers are too different, I think.) (Look at the pictures.)
This could be a very plausible status, and would be consistent with sales at the post office, except that we don't know when the stamps were ordered and printed, and the groszy-denominated stamps look too much like the halerzy-denominated stamps to think that they were printed at a much different time. (We'd want to know that the groszy-denominated 6th issue was ordered from the printer before the change of currency in late March 1918.)
But if that were proved, it would raise the question of why the subsequent postally-used printings (4th and 5th issues) were rather less refined than the 6th issue.
And it would also raise the question of why the 6th issue was so named.
So I think there are too many arguments against this view. (But this is a judgment call, and experts may have a more plausible story.)
Bonnie & Roger Riga of Rigastamps have an article in which Local Delivery Stamps (e.g., Przedbórz Issues I-V) are included within the definition of Cinderellas. I think this is so that collectors of Cinderellas will have more to collect. However, they also include scans of the The Richard C. Witt Cinderella Reference Collection which has six pages of "Poland 1917-18 Przedborz Local Post Stamps" showing that some knowledgeable Cinderella collectors included Local Delivery stamps as Cinderellas. However, Przedbórz stamps were for local delivery of mail that was properly franked by some other jurisdiction. I have seen No specialized literature that describes these as local post stamps.
(Personally, I don't think Local Delivery Stamps should be considered Cinderellas if they could be actually postally used. But it seems likely that Przedbórz Issues VI-VIII WERE NOT usable for local delivery at the time they were printed.)
Youngblood differentiates forgeries from counterfeits: he says forgeries are to defraud the collector and counterfeits are to defraud the postal service.
He also defines packet forgeries as stamps meant to fill the demand for common stamps to be included in packets and mixtures, mostly in the early twentieth century, which certainly included the period in which these issues were printed.