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Printing, Perfs, Proofs, and Varieties All genuine stamps (and some or all of the forgeries?) were supposedly lithographed at the Adolph Pański lithographic printing works in Piortkow Trybunalski. Leslaw Schmutz [2002] has presented evidence that the first issue was typographed, not lithographed, and Fischer [2006] has accepted this view. That probably means that most other experts have accepted his results as well. I don't know whether this suggests that the first issue was printed elsewhere.

See also Watermarks.

Paper & Gum are not discussed anywhere on this website. I don't know about paper, but if some knowledgeable people provide the info, I'll be happy to add it.

Perforations: All genuine stamps, and probably all forgeries as well, are line-perforated.

See the "freaks" for more varieties.

Measurements aren't included here, but many can be found on the list of measurement references.

Notes:

  



1st Issue (catalog # 1 & 2)
Layout:  Sheets of four panes; each pane is 2 rows by 4 columns. The sheets are two panes wide and two high. (See a sheet of F1 forgeries laid out the same way, but I don't know if the margins and gutters are the same.)


Cat. #1 vertical gutter pair.
This is a proof pair !!!
Perfs:
#1A, 2A: Perf 11½.   Quantity: 1A: 2720 (85 sheets); 2A: 4640 (145 sheets)
#1B, 2B: Imperf   Quantity: 1B & 2B: 480 (15 sheets) each;

See images of regular issue and proofs in the Eagle Stamp "home" page.

Catalog #1 (2 Gr.)

Catalog #2 (4 Gr.)

Forgeries:  Until recently, I had never seen a forgery of a proof, or of a Przedbórz #2 bisect on piece. (Blunt [2004a] said he hadn't seen forged bisects on piece, either.) See below for images of genuine and forged bisects on piece.

See other varieties: Issue   2   3   4   5


Bisects on piece:

Genuine Type 2 bisect Forgery 4 bisect on piece, with bogus cancellation ("180" instead of "Przedbórz Kreis Końsk")1
Note that genuine bisects are usually cut from lower left to upper right, as shown at the left above.
In fact every one of my bisects-on-piece and those in Kronenberg's scans are cut from lower left to upper right.


  1. The bogus cancel is 28.4 mm diameter; genuine ones are 28 mm. (It's not obvious here because the scans are not precisely the same scale.)
    The single line above the crown identifies the right-hand stamp as a F4 forgery.

© 2008-15 Sam Ginsburg

Last modified 11 Jan. 2015